Synergistic use of the two-temperature and split-window methods for land-surface temperature retrieval

Peres L.F., DaCamara C.C., Trigo I.F., Freitas S.C.
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING, 31, 16, 4387-4409, doi:10.1080/01431160903260973

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A strategy is presented with the aim of achieving an operational accuracy of 2.0 K in land-surface temperature (LST) from METEOSAT Second Generation (MSG)/Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager (SEVIRI) data. The proposed method is based on a synergistic usage of the split-window (SW) and the two-temperature method (TTM) and consists in combining the use of a priori land-surface emissivity (LSE) estimates from emissivity maps with LST estimates obtained from SW method with the endeavour of defining narrower and more reliable ranges of admissible solutions before applying TTM. The method was tested for different surface types, according to SEVIRI spatial resolution, and atmospheric conditions occurring within the MSG disc. Performance of the method was best in the case of relatively dry atmospheres (water-vapour content less than 3 g cm-2), an important feature since in this case SW algorithms provide the worst results because of their sensitivity to uncertainties in surface emissivity. The hybrid method was also applied using real MSG/SEVIRI data and then validated with the Moderate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS)/Terra LST/LSE Monthly Global 0.05 geographic climate modeling grid (CMG) product (MOD11C3) generated by the day/night algorithm. The LST and LSE retrievals from the hybrid-method agree well (bias and root mean square error (RMSE) of -0.2 K and 1.4 K for LST, and around 0.003-0.02 and 0.009-0.02 for LSE) with the MOD11C3 product. These figures are also in conformity with the MOD11C3 performance at a semi-desert where LST (LSE) values is 1-1.7 K (0.017) higher (less) than the ground-based measurements.