Analysis of Galileo and GPS Integration for GNSS Tomography

Benevides P, Nico G, Catal„o J, Miranda PMA
IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Volume: 55, Issue: 4, April 2017, DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2016.2631449

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Abstract: Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) tomography provides 3-D reconstructions of atmosphere wet refractivity, related to water vapor. A simulated analysis of the integration of Global Positioning System and future Galileo data is presented. Atmospheric refractivity is derived from radiosonde data acquired over the Lisbon area. The impact of Galileo data on the tomographic reconstruction is assessed. Furthermore, horizontal anomalies are added to a reference vertical profile of atmospheric refractivity to reproduce low-level dry or wet air intrusions, a phenomenon commonly observed in meteorological data acquired by both radiosonde and satellites. The dependence of tomographic solution on the GNSS network density is also analyzed. Better reconstruction capabilities in the lower layers are observed when increasing the network density.