Added value of the EURO-CORDEX high-resolution downscaling over the Iberian Peninsula revisited. Part II: Max and Min Temperature

Careto JAM, Soares PMM, Cardoso RM, Herrera S, Gutiérrez JM
Geoscientific Geosci. Model Dev. DOI: 10.5194/gmd-15-2653-2022

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In the recent past, an increase in computation resources led to the development of regional climate models with increasing domains and resolutions, spanning larger temporal periods. A good example is the World Climate Research Program – Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment for the European domain (EURO-CORDEX). This set of regional models encompasses the entire European continent for a 130-year common period until the end of the 21st century, while having a 12?km horizontal resolution. Such simulations are computationally demanding, while at the same time not always showing added value. This study considers a recently proposed metric in order to assess the added value of the EURO-CORDEX hindcast (1989–2008) and historical (1971–2005) simulations for the maximum and minimum temperature over the Iberian Peninsula. This approach allows an evaluation of the higher against the driving lower resolutions relative to the performance of the whole or partial probability density functions by having an observational regular gridded dataset as a reference. Overall, the gains for maximum temperature are more relevant in comparison to minimum temperature, partially due to known problems derived from the snow–albedo–atmosphere feedback. For more local scales, areas near the coast reveal higher added value in comparison with the interior, which displays limited gains and sometimes notable detrimental effects with values around ?30?%. At the same time, the added value for temperature extremes reveals a similar range, although with larger gains in coastal regions and in locations from the interior for maximum temperature, contrasting with the losses for locations in the interior of the domain for the minimum temperature.