The Water Isotopic Version of the Land-Surface Model ORCHIDEE: Implementation, Evaluation, Sensitivity to Hydrological Parameters
Risi C, Ogée J, Bony S, Bariac T, Raz-Yaseef N, Wingate L, Welker J, Knohl A, Kurz-Besson C, Leclerc M, Zhang G, Buchmann N, Santrucek J, Hronvoka M, David T, Peylin P, Guglielmo F
Hydrol Current Res 2016, Vol 7(4): 258 DOI: 10.4172/2157-7587.1000258
Land-Surface Models (LSMs) exhibit large spread and uncertainties in the way they partition precipitation into surface runoff, drainage, transpiration and bare soil evaporation. To explore to what extent water isotope measurements could help evaluate the simulation of the soil water budget in LSMs, water stable isotopes have been implemented in the ORCHIDEE (ORganizing Carbon and Hydrology In Dynamic EcosystEms: the land-surface model) LSM. This article presents this implementation and the evaluation of simulations both in a stand-alone mode and coupled with an atmospheric general circulation model. ORCHIDEE simulates reasonably well the isotopic composition of soil, stem and leaf water compared to local observations at ten measurement sites. When coupled to LMDZ (Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique-Zoom: the atmospheric model), it simulates well the isotopic composition of precipitation and river water compared to global observations. Sensitivity tests to LSM (Land-Surface Model) parameters are performed to identify processes whose representation by LSMs could be better evaluated using water isotopic measurements. We find that measured vertical variations in soil water isotopes could help evaluate the representation of infiltration pathways by multi-layer soil models. Measured water isotopes in rivers could help calibrate the partitioning of total runoff into surface runoff and drainage and the residence time scales in underground reservoirs. Finally, co-located isotope measurements in precipitation, vapor and soil water could help estimate the partitioning of infiltrating precipitation into bare soil evaporation.