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Maps of PWV Temporal Changes by SAR Interferometry: A Study on the Properties of Atmosphere's Temperature Profiles

Mateus P, Nico G, Catal„o J
IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, Vol. 11, No. 12, 2014, https://doi.org/10.1109/LGRS.2014.2318993

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Abstract

Recently, synthetic aperture radar interferometry (InSAR) has been recognized as a promising tool to generate high-resolution maps of atmospherical precipitable water vapor temporal changes (ΔPWV) from the propagation delay of radar signal in atmosphere. The relationship between ΔPWV and propagation delay mainly depends on the vertical profiles of temperature and water vapor pressure. In this letter, we present a methodology to study the spatial and temporal variations of the temperature's vertical profile and generate more accurate high-resolution ΔPWV maps by means of InSAR.