Regional climate downscaling over Europe: perspectives from the EURO-CORDEX community
Jacob D, Teichmann C, Sobolowski S, Katragkou E, Anders I, Belda M, Benestad R, Boberg F, Buonomo E, Cardoso RM, Casanueva A, Christensen OB, Christensen JH, Coppola E, De Cruz L, Davin EL, Dobler A, Domínguez M, Fealy R, Fernandez J, Gaertner MA, García-Díez M, Giorgi F, Gobiet A, Goergen K, Gómez-Navarro JJ, Alemán JJG, Gutiérrez C, Gutiérrez JM, Güttler I, Haensler A, Halenka T, Jerez S, Jiménez-Guerrero P, Jones RG, Keuler K, Kjellström E, Knist S, Kotlarski S, Maraun D, van Meijgaard E, Mercogliano P, Montávez JP, Navarra A, Nikulin G, Noblet-Ducoudré N, Panitz HJ, Pfeifer S, Piazza M, Pichelli E, Pietikäinen JP, Prein AF, Preuschmann S, Rechid D, Rockel B, Romera R, Sánchez E, Sieck K, Soares PMM, Somot S, Srnec L, Sørland SL, Termon
Reg Environ Change. 20, 51. DOI: doi.org/10.1007/s10113-020-01606-9
The European CORDEX (EURO-CORDEX) initiative is a large voluntary effort that seeks to advance regional climate and Earth system science in Europe. As part of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) - Coordinated Regional Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX), it shares the broader goals of providing a model evaluation and climate projection framework and improving communication with both the General Circulation Model (GCM) and climate data user communities. EURO-CORDEX oversees the design and coordination of ongoing ensembles of regional climate projections of unprecedented size and resolution (0.11° EUR-11 and 0.44° EUR-44 domains). Additionally, the inclusion of empirical-statistical downscaling allows investigation of much larger multi-model ensembles. These complementary approaches provide a foundation for scientific studies within the climate research community and others. The value of the EURO-CORDEX ensemble is shown via numerous peer-reviewed studies and its use in the development of climate services. Evaluations of the EUR-44 and EUR-11 ensembles also show the benefits of higher resolution. However, significant challenges remain. To further advance scientific understanding, two flagship pilot studies (FPS) were initiated. The first investigates local-regional phenomena at convection-permitting scales over central Europe and the Mediterranean in collaboration with the Med-CORDEX community. The second investigates the impacts of land cover changes on European climate across spatial and temporal scales. Over the coming years, the EURO-CORDEX community looks forward to closer collaboration with other communities, new advances, supporting international initiatives such as the IPCC reports, and continuing to provide the basis for research on regional climate impacts and adaptation in Europe.