Vegetation burning and associated emissions of gases and aerosols have substantial ecological, atmospheric and climatic impacts. In Brazil, particularly the Cerrado savanna and the Amazon rainforest are significantly affected by anthropic fires every year, also becoming regionally and globally important sources of pyrogenic emissions. With this proposal we aim to develop improved daily and monthly burned area maps for Brazil, using data from the latest generation of Earth observation satellites, and to combine those maps with other relevant environmental data to estimate aerosol and gas emissions, including an assessment of uncertainty and a sensitivity analysis of the estimates.[...]
The project will then address the interactions between climatic and ecological drivers of fire activity in the Cerrado and in the rain forest, characterizing the current situation; it will also develop short-term predictive models concerning fire risk dynamics at the regional level. Statistical models will also be developed to understand and forecast future fire regimes under a variety of climate change scenarios available for the region. A fundamental consequence of this project will be the operational implementation of its results in INPE´s existing operational Fire System, improving the overall quality of its products, benefiting the many users, comprising government agencies, research groups, fire managers, NGOs, etc. The three principal institutions submitting the proposal are: INPE/CPTEC and OBT – National Space Research Institute of Brazil / Center for Weather Forecast and Climate Studies, and Coordination of Earth Observations; IDL/FCUL – Institute Dom Luiz / Faculty of Sciences, University of Lisbon; ISA – School of Agriculture, University of Lisbon. Collaborative institutions in Brazil are: UFLA-Federal University of Lavras; UFRJ – Federal University of Rio de Janeiro; UFV – Federal University of Viçosa; UFSJ – Federal University of São João del Rei. The main research groups of this proposal in Portugal and Brazil have a long standing history of cooperation, exchange of scientists, and co-authored publications.

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Previous Cooperation

The coordinators Dr. C. da Camara/IDL from Portugal and Dr. Alberto Setzer/INPE from Brazil have a solid experience in the development, management and implementation of research and operational projects in their own countries and in international cooperation programs, as confirmed by their curricula. In the particular case of Portugal and Brazil, the cooperation dates back to the 1990s, during common activities of the GOFC-GOLD-FIRE and field work in Brazil with Dr. J.M.Pereira/ISA in a program to validate remote sensing products of vegetation burning. Coordinated by Dr. C. DaCamara, project FLAIR, funded by FCT has involved seven members of the Brazilian and Portuguese teams of BrFLAS ( idElemConcurso=2733). In the last decade, two researchers of the Brazilian team, Drs. R.Libonati and L.Peres, did their PhD work at the University of Lisbon, under the supervision of Dr. C. da Camara and J.M. Pereira; currently, MSc A.Pereira was awarded a “Ciência sem Fronteira” PhD scholarship to work with Dr. J.M. Pereira. Dr. A.Setzer was at the examining board of two PhDs working under Drs. J.M. Pereira and C. da Camara. This cooperation of over two decades should now provide a solid basis for the joint Portugal-Brazil proposal herein presented.



Renata Libonati

Carlos da Camara

Instituto Dom Luiz
Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa
Edifício C8, Piso 3
Campo Grande
1749-016 Lisboa Portugal

(+351) 217 500 000