Isabel Franco Trigo

Senior Researcher


Areas of Scientific activity

Remote Sensing, Land Surface, Climatology, Mid-latitude Cyclones



Bento VA, Trigo IF, Gouveia CM, daCamara CC (2018) Contribution of Land Surface Temperature (TCI) to Vegetation Health Index: A Comparative Study Using Clear Sky and All-Weather Climate Data Records. Remote Sens. 2018, 10(9), 1324; doi:10.3390/rs10091324

Trigo IF, de Bruin H, Beyrich F, Bosveld FC, Gavilán P, Groh J, López-Urrea R (2018) Validation of reference evapotranspiration from Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) observations. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 259 (2018) 271-285,

Bento VA, Gouveia CM, DaCamara CC, Trigo IF (2018) A climatological assessment of drought impact on vegetation health index. Agric. For. Meteorol. 2018, 259, 286–295,

Ermida SL, Trigo IF, DaCamara CC, Roujean J-R (2018) Assessing the Potential of Parametric Models to Correct Directional Effects on Local to Global Remotely Sensed LST. Remote Sensing of Environment, 209, 410–422,

Pinto MM, Da Camara CC, Trigo IF, Trigo RM, Turkman KF (2018) Fire danger rating over Mediterranean Europe based on fire radiative power derived from Meteosat. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., Volume 18 Issue 2,


Martínez B, Sanchez-Ruiz S, Gilabert MA, Moreno A, Campos-Taberner M, García-Haro FJ, Trigo IF, Aurela M, Brümmer C, Carrara A, De Ligne A, Gianelle D, Grüwald T, Limousin JM, Lohila A, Mammarella I, Scottornola M, Steinbrecher R, Tagesson T (2017) Retrieval of daily gross primary production over Europe and Africa from an ensemble of SEVIRI/MSG products. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation Volume 65, March 2018, Pages 124-136,

Orth R, Dutra E, Trigo IF, Balsamo G (2017) Advancing land surface model development with satellite-based Earth observations. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 2483-2495,, 2017.

Bento VA, DaCamara CC, Trigo IF, Martins JPA, Duguay-Tetzlaff A (2017) Improving Land Surface Temperature Retrievals over Mountainous Regions. Remote Sens. 2017, 9(1), 38;

Duguay-Tetzlaff A, Bento VA, Stöckli R, Trigo IF, Hollmann R (2017) Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document Land Surface Temperature (LST) (SUMET) Edition 1. Satellite Application Facility on Climate Monitoring (CM SAF), DOI: 10.5676/EUM_SAF_CM/LST_METEOSAT/V001

Ermida SL, Jiménez C, Prigent C, Trigo IF, DaCamara CC (2017) Inversion of AMSR-E observations for land surface temperature estimation: 2. Global comparison with infrared satellite temperature. Atmospheres, 122,


de Bruin HAR, Trigo IF, Bosveld FC, Meirink JF (2016) A Thermodynamically Based Model for Actual Evapotranspiration of an Extensive Grass Field Close to FAO Reference, Suitable for Remote Sensing Application. AMS, JHM May 2016,

Mechri R, Ottlé C, Pannekoucke O, Kallel A, Maignan F, Courault D, Trigo IF (2016) Downscaling Meteosat Land Surface Temperature over a Heterogeneous Landscape Using a Data Assimilation Approach. Remote Sens. 2016, 8(7), 586;

Göttsche F-M, Olesen F-S, Trigo IF, Bork-Unkelbach A, Martin MA (2016) Long Term Validation of Land Surface Temperature Retrieved from MSG/SEVIRI with Continuous in-Situ Measurements in Africa. Open Access Remote Sens. 2016, 8(5), 410;

Duguay-Tetzlaff A, Bento VA, Göttsche FM, Stöckly R, Martins JPA, Trigo IF, Olesen F, Bojanowski JS, DaCamara CC, Kunz H (2016) Meteosat Land Surface Temperature Climate Data Record: Achievable Accuracy and Potential Uncertainties. Remote Sens. 2015, 7(10), 13139-13156;

Martins JPA, Trigo IF, Bento VA, DaCamara CC (2016) A Physically Constrained Calibration Database for Land Surface Temperature Using Infrared Retrieval Algorithms. Remote Sens. 2016, 8(10), 808;

Ermida SL, DaCamara CC, Trigo IF, Pires AC, Ghent Darren, Jonh Remedios (2016) Modelling directional effects on remotely sensed land surface temperature. Remote Sensing of Environment, 190, 56–69,

Martins JPA, Cardoso RM, Soares PMM, Trigo I, Belo-Pereira M, Moreira N, Tomé R (2016) The summer diurnal cycle of coastal cloudiness over west Iberia using Meteosat/SEVIRI and a WRF regional climate model simulation. nt. J. Climatol. 36: 1755–1772,

Piero Lionello, Isabel F. Trigo, Victoria Gil, Margarida L. R. Liberato, Katrin M. Nissen, Joaquim G. Pinto, Christoph C. Raible, Marco Reale, Annalisa Tanzarella, Ricardo M. Trigo, Sven Ulbrich & Uwe Ulbrich (2016) Objective climatology of cyclones in the Mediterranean region: a consensus view among methods with different system identification and tracking criteria. Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 68:1, 29391. doi: 10.3402/tellusa.v68.29391


Masiello G, Serio C, Venafra S, Liuzzi G, Göttsche F, Trigo IF, Watts P (2015) Kalman filter physical retrieval of surface emissivity and temperature from SEVIRI infrared channels: a validation and intercomparison study. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 2981-2997, 2015

Liu Y, Yu Y, Yu P, Göttsche FM, Trigo IF (2015) Quality Assessment of S-NPP VIIRS Land Surface Temperature Product. Remote Sens. 2015, 7(9), 12215-12241;

Lattanzio A, Fell F, Bennart R, Trigo IF, Schulz J (2015) Quality assessment and improvement of the EUMETSAT Meteosat Surface Albedo Climate Data Record. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 4561-4571, 2015

Trigo IF, Boussetta S, Viterbo P, Balsamo G, Beljaars A, Sandu I (2015) Comparison of model land skin temperature with remotely sensed estimates and assessment of surface-atmosphere coupling. J. Geophys. Res.Atmos., 120, 12,096–12,111,


DaCamara CC, Calado TJ, Ermida SL, Trigo IF, Amraoui, Turkman KF (2014) Calibration of the Fire Weather Index over Mediterranean Europe based on fire activity retrieved from MSG satellite imagery. International Journal of Wildland Fire

Ermida S. L., Trigo I. F., DaCamara C. C., Göttsche F. M., Olesen F. S., Hulley G. (2014) Validation of remotely sensed surface temperature over an oak woodland landscape - The problem of viewing and illumination geometries. Remote Sens. Env., 148, 16-27, doi:


Neu U., Akperov M.G., Bellenbaum N., Benestad R.S., Blender R., Caballero R., Cocozza A., Dacre H.F., Feng Y., Fraedrich K., Grieger J., Gulev S., Hanley J., Hewson T., Inatsu M., Keay K., Kew S.F., Kindem I., Leckebusch G.C., Liberato M.L.R., Lionello P., Mokhov I.I., Pinto J.G., Raible C.C., Reale M., Rudeva I., Schuster M., Simmonds I., Sinclair (2013) IMILAST A Community Effort to Intercompare Extratropical Cyclone Detection and Tracking Algorithms. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94(4), 529-547

Ulbrich U., Leckebusch G.C., Grieger J., Schuster M., Akperov M., Bardin M. Yu, Feng Y., Gulev S., Inatsu M., Keay K., Kew S.F., Liberato M.L.R., Lionello P., Mokhov I.I., Neu U., Pinto J.G., Raible C.C., Reale M., Rudeva I., Simmonds I., Tilinina N.D., Trigo I.F., Ulbrich S., Wang X.L., Wernli H. and THE IMILAST TEAM (2013) Are Greenhouse Gas Signals of Northern Hemisphere winter extra-tropical cyclone activity dependent on the identification and tracking methodology?. Meteorologische Zeitschrift

Masiello G., Serio C., DeFeis I., Amoroso M., Venafra S., Trigo I.F., Watts P. (2013) Kalman filter physical retrieval of surface emissivity and temperature from geostationary infrared radiances. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 6, 3613-3634

Li Z.L., Tang B.H., Wu H., Ren H.Z., Yan G.J., Wan Z.M., Trigo I.F., Sobrino J.A. (2013) Satellite-derived land surface temperature: Current status and perspectives. Remote Sensing of Environment, 131, 14–37, DOI:10.1016/j.rse.2012.12.008

Freitas S.C., Trigo I.F., Macedo J., Barroso C., Silva R., Perdigao R. (2013) Land surface temperature from multiple geostationary satellites. International Journal of Remote Sensing, Volume 34, Issue: 9-10, 3051-3068, DOI: 10.1080/01431161.2012.716925

Liberato M.L.R., Pinto J.G., Trigo R.M., Ludwig P., Ordóñez P., Yuen D., Trigo I.F. (2013) Explosive development of winter storm Xynthia over the subtropical North Atlantic Ocean. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 13, 2239-2251


Carrer D., Lafont S., Roujean J-L., Calvet J-C., Meurey C., Le Moigne P., Trigo I.F. (2012) Incoming Solar and Infrared Radiation Derived from METEOSAT: Impact on the Modeled Land Water and Energy Budget over France . Journal of Hydrometeorology

Paul M., Aires F., Prigent C., Trigo I.F., Bernardo F. (2012) An innovative physical scheme to retrieve simultaneously surface temperature and emissivities using high spectral infrared observations from IASI. Journal Geophysycal Research, 117, D11302


Trigo I.F., DaCamara C.C., Viterbo P., Roujean J.-L., Olesen F., Barroso C., Camacho-de Coca F., Freitas S.C., García-Haro J., Geiger B., Gellens-Meulenberghs F., Meliá J., Pessanha L., Siljamo N. (2011) The Satellite Application Facility for Land Surface Analysis . International Journal of Remote Sensing

Gómez-Gesteira M., Gimeno L., deCastro M., Lorenzo M.N., Alvarez I., Nieto R., Crespo A.J.C., Ramos A.M., Taboada J.J., Santo F.E., Barriopedro D., Trigo I.F. (2011) The state of climate in NW Iberia. Clim Res 48:109–144

Liberato M.L.R., Pinto J.G., Trigo I.F., Trigo R.M. (2011) Klaus - an exceptional winter storm over Northern Iberia and Southern France. Weather, DOI: 10.1002/wea.755


Trigo I.F., Barroso C., Viterbo P., Freitas S.C., Monteiro I.T. (2010) Estimation of downward long-wave radiation at the surface combining remotely sensed data and NWP data. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH, VOL. 115, D24118, doi:10.1029/2010JD013888

Peres L.F., DaCamara C.C., Trigo I.F., Freitas S.C. (2010) Synergistic use of the two-temperature and split-window methods for land-surface temperature retrieval. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING, 31, 16, 4387-4409, doi:10.1080/01431160903260973

Freitas S.C., Trigo I.F., Bioucas-Dias J.M., Gottsche F.-M. (2010) Quantifying the Uncertainty of Land Surface Temperature Retrievals from SEVIRI/Meteosat. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, 48, 1, 523-534, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2009.2027697

De Bruin H.A.R., Trigo I.F., Jitan M.A., Temesgen Enku N., van der Tol C., Gieske A.S.M. (2010) Reference crop evapotranspiration derived from geo-stationary satellite imagery: a case study for the Fogera flood plain, NW-Ethiopia and the Jordan Valley, Jordan. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 14, 2219-2228


Libonati R., Trigo I., DaCamara C.C. (2008) Correction of 2 m-temperature forecasts using Kalman Filtering technique . Atmospheric Research

Trigo I.F., Peres L. F., DaCamara C. C., Freitas S.C. (2008) Thermal Land Surface Emissivity retrieved from SEVIRI/Meteosat. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 46, 2, 307-315, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2007.905197

Trigo I.F., Monteiro I. T., Olesen F., Kabsch E. (2008) An assessment of remotely sensed land surface temperature. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 113, D17, D17108, doi:10.1029/2008JD010035

Trigo R.M., Valente M.A., Trigo I.F., Miranda M., Ramos A.M., Paredes D., García-Herrera R. (2008) The Impact of North Atlantic Wind and Cyclone Trends on European Precipitation and Significant Wave Height in the Atlantic. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1146, 212-234, doi: 10.1196/annals.1446.014

Marques R., Zezere J.L., Trigo R.M., Gaspar J.L., Trigo I.F. (2008) Rainfall patterns and critical values associated with landslides in Povoação County (São Miguel Island, Azores): relationships with the North Atlantic Oscillation). Hydrological Processes, 22, 478-494, DOI: 10.1002/hyp.6879


Mendes D., Souza E. P., Trigo I. F., Miranda P. M. A. (2007) On Precursors of South-American Cyclogenesis. Tellus, 59A, 114–121. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0870.2006.00215.x

Garcia-Herrera R., Paredes D., Trigo R.M., Trigo I.F., Hernández H., Barriopedro D., Mendes M.T. (2007) The outstanding 2004-2005 drought in the Iberian Peninsula: associated atmospheric circulation. Journal ofHidrometeorology, 8, 483-498


Trigo I. F. (2006) Climatology and Interannual Variability of Storm-Tracks in the Euro-Atlantic sector: a comparison between ERA-40 and NCEP/NCAR Reanalyses.. Clim Dyn. Doi: 10.1007/s00382-005-0065-9.

Paredes D., Trigo, R.M., Garcia-Herrera R., Trigo, I.F. (2006) Understanding precipitation changes in Iberia in early Spring: weather typing and storm-tracking approaches. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 7, 101-113


Barroso C., Trigo I. F., Olesen F., DaCamaraC. C., Queluz M. P. (2005) Intercallibration of NOAA and Meteosat window channel brightness temperatures. Int. J. Remote Sens., 26, 3717–3733

Trigo R.M., Zêzere J.L., Rodrigues M.L., Trigo I.F. (2005) The influence of the North Atlantic Oscillation on rainfall triggering of Landslides near Lisbon. Natural Hazards, 36, 331-354, DOI 10.1007/s11069-005-1709-0.

Trigo R.M., García-Herrera R., Díaz J., Trigo I.F., Valente M.A. (2005) How exceptional was the early August 2003 heatwave in France?. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L10701, doi:10.1029/2005GL022410

Zêzere J.L., Trigo R.M., Trigo I.F. (2005) Shallow and deep Landslides induced by rainfall in the Lisbon region (Portugal): assesement of relationships with the North Atlantic Oscillation. Natural Hazards and Earth SystemSciences , 5, 331-344.

2002 - 2004

Trigo I. F., Davies T. D. (2002) Meteorological conditions associated with sea surges in Venice: a 40 year climatology. Int. J. Climatol., 22, 787-803.

Trigo I. F., Viterbo P. (2003) Clear-Sky Window Channel Radiances: A Comparison between Observations and the ECMWF Model. J. App. Met., 42, 1463-1479

Trigo R.M., Trigo I.F., DaCamara C.C., Osborn T.J. (2004) Climate impact of the European winter blocking episodes from the NCEP/NCAR Reanalyses. Climate Dynamics, 23 (1): 17-28

2001 and prior

Trigo IF, Davies TD, Bigg GR (2001) Objective Climatology of Cyclones in the Mediterranean Region. AMS, JCLI June 1999,<1685:OCOCIT>2.0.CO;2

Trigo IF, Davies TD, Bigg GR (2001) Decline in Mediterranean rainfall caused by weakening of Mediterranean cyclones. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 27, NO. 18, PAGES 2913-2916, SEPTEMBER 15, 2000,

Trigo, I. F., Bigg G. R., Davies T. D. (2001) Climatology of Cyclogenesis Mechanisms in the Mediterranean. Mon. Wea. Rev., 130, 549-569.