Pedro Soares

Senior Researcher IDL


Instituto Dom Luiz
Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa
Campo Grande, Edificio C8, Piso 3, Sala 8.3.26
1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal
Phone: +351 968028569

Areas of Scientific activity

Climate change; Climate modelling; Land-atmosphere-ocean interaction; renewable energy



Soares P.M.M., Careto J.A.M., Cardoso R.M., Goergen K., Trigo R.M. (2019) Land-Atmosphere coupling regimes in Africa: From model evaluation to projects based on CORDEX-Africa. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124, 11118-11142, doi:

Russo A., Gouveia C.M., Dutra E., Soares P.M.M., Trigo R.M. (2019) The synergy between drought and extremely hot summers in the Mediterranean. Environmental Research Letters, 14(1), 014011, DOI:

Russo A., Gouveia C.M., Dutra E., Soares P.M.M., Páscoa P., Trigo R.M. (2019) The synergy between drought and extremely hot summers in the Mediterranean. Environmental Research Letters, Volume 14, 17 January 2019, 014011. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aaf09e


Lima D, Soares PMM, Semedo A, Cardoso RM (2018) A Global View of Coastal Low-Level Wind Jets Using an Ensemble of Reanalyses. Journal of Climate. DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0395.1.

Yano J-I, Ziemianski M, Cullen M, Termonia O, Onvlee J, Bengtsson L, Carrassi A, Davy R, Deluca A, Gray SL, Homar V, Kohler M, Krichak S, Michaelides S, Phillips VTJ, Sakradzija M, Soares PMM, Wyszogrodzki A (2018) Scientific Challenges of Convective-Scale Numerical Weather Prediction. BAMS,

Nikulin G, Asharafb S, Magariñoc ME, Calmantie S, Cardoso RM, Bhend J, Fernández J, Frías MD, Fröhlich K, Frühb B, Herrera S, Manzanas R, José Manuel Gutiérrez JM, Hanssona U, Kolaxa M, Linigerg MA, Soares PMM, Spirig C, Tome R, Wysera K (2018) Dynamical and statistical downscaling of a global seasonal hindcast in eastern Africa. Climate Services, Volume 9 72-85,

Rijo N, Lima DCA, Semedo A, Miranda PMA, Cardoso RM, Soares PMM (2018) Spatial and temporal variability of the Iberian Peninsula coastal low-level jet. IJC, Volume 38, Issue 4,

Hertig E, Maraun D, Bartholy J, Pongracz R, Vrac M, Mares I, Gutiérrez JM, Wibig J, Casanueva A, Soares PMM (2018) Comparison of statistical downscaling methods with respect to extreme events over Europe: Validation results from the perfect predictor experiment of the COST Action VALUE. IJC,

Gutiérrez JM, Maraun D, Widman M, Huth R, Hertig E, Benestad R, Roessler O, Wibig J, Wilcke R, Kotlarski S, San Martín D, Herrera S, Bedia J, Casanueva A, Manzanas R, Iturbide M, Vrac M, Dubrovsky M, Ribalaygua J, Pórtoles J, Räty O, Räisänen J, Hingray B, Raynaud D, Casado MJ, Ramos P, Zerenner T, Turco M, Bosshard T, Stepánek P, Bartholy J, Pongracz R, Keller DE, Fischer AM, Cardoso RM, Soares PMM, Czernecki B, Pagé C (2018) An intercomparison of a large ensemble of statistical downscaling methods over Europe: Results from the VALUE perfect predictor cross-validation experiment. IJC,

Soares PMM, Cardoso RM (2018) A simple method to assess the added value using high-resolution climate distributions: application to the EURO-CORDEX daily precipitation. Climate Dynamics, (2018),

Russo A, Gouveia CM, Soares PMM, Cardoso RM, Mendes MT, Trigo RM (2018) The unprecedented 2014 Legionnaires’ disease outbreak in Portugal: atmospheric driving mechanisms. Int J Biometeorol (2018).

Cardoso RM, Soares PMM, Lima DCA, Miranda PMA (2018) Mean and extreme temperatures in a warming climate: EURO CORDEX and WRF regional climate high-resolution projections for Portugal. Clim Dyn (2018).

Nogueira M, Soares PMM, Tomé R, Cardoso RM (2018) High-resolution multi-model projections of onshore wind resources over Portugal under a changing climate. Theor Appl Climatol (2018),

Sánchez-Benítez A, García-Herrera R, Barriopedro D, Sousa PM, Trigo RM (2018) June 2017: The Earliest European Summer Mega-heatwave of Reanalysis Period . AGU Publications,


Maraun D, Shepherd T, Widmann M, Zappa G, Walton D, Gutierrez JM, Hagemann S, Richter I, Soares PMM, Hall A, Mearns L (2017) Towards process-informed bias correction of climate change simulations. Nature Climate Change, 7:764–773, doi:10.1038/nclimate3418

Knist S, Goergen K, Simmer C, Colette A, Cardoso RM, Fealy R, Fernandez J, Garcia-Diez M, Katragkou E, Krüzselyi I, Mayer S, Soares PMM, Sobolowski S, van Meijgaard E, Vautard R, Warrach-Sagi K, Wulfmeyer V (2017) Land-atmosphere coupling in EURO-CORDEX evaluation experiments. Journal Geophys. Res. Atmos., 122:79–103,

Perdigão J, Salgado R, Magarreiro C, Soares PMM, Costa MJ, Dasari HP (2017) An Iberian climatology of solar radiation obtained from WRF regional climate simulations for 1950-2010 period. Atmospheric Research, 198:151-162,

Roessler O, Fischer AM, Huebener H, Maraun D, Benestad RE, Christodoulides P, Soares PMM, Cardoso RM, Pagé C, Kanamaru H, Kreienkamp F, Vlachogiannis D (2017) Challenges to link climate change data provision and user needs - perspective from the COST-action VALUE. Int. J. Climatol. (2017),

Kotlarski S, Szabó P, Herrera S, Räty O, Keuler K, Soares PMM, Cardoso RM, Bosshard T, Pagé C, Boberg F, Gutiérrez JM, Isotta FA, Jaczewski A, Kreienkamp F, Liniger MA, Lussana C, Pianko-Kluczynska K (2017) Observational uncertainty and regional climate model evaluation: a pan-European perspective. Int. J. Climatol. (2017),

Maraun D, Huth R, Gutiérrez JM, Martín DS, Dubrovsky M, Fischer A, Hertig E, Soares PMM, Bartholy J, Pongrácz R, Widmann M, Casado MJ, Ramos P, Bedia J (2017) The VALUE perfect predictor experiment: evaluation of temporal variability. Int. J. Climatol. (2017),

Soares PMM, Cardoso RM, Lima DCA, Miranda PMA (2017) Future precipitation in Portugal: high-resolution projections using WRF model and EURO-CORDEX multi-model ensemble. Clim Dyn (2017) 49: 2503.

Soares PMM, Lima DCA, Cardoso RM, Semedo A (2017) High resolution projections for the western Iberian coastal low level jet in a changing climate. Clim Dyn (2017) 49: 1547.

Soares PMM, Lima DCA, Cardoso RM, Nascimento M, Semedo A (2017) Western Iberian offshore wind resources: More or less in a globalwarming climate?. Applied Energy Volume 203, 72-90,

Pedro M. Sousa, Ricardo M. Trigo, David Barriopedro, Pedro M. M. Soares, Alexandre M. Ramos, Margarida L. R. Liberato (2017) Responses of European precipitation distributions and regimes to different blocking locations. Clim Dyn, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-016-3132-5

Ana C. L. Sá, Akli Benali, Paulo M. Fernandes, Renata M. S. Pinto, Ricardo M. Trigo, Michele Salis, Ana Russo, Sonia Jerez, Pedro M. M. Soares, Wilfrid Schroeder, José M.C. Pereira (2017) Evaluating fire growth simulations using satellite active fire data. Remote Sensing of Environment, DOI:


Semedo A, Soares PMM, Lima DCA, Cardoso RM, Bernardino M, Miranda PMA (2016) The impact of Climate Change on the Global Low-Level Wind Jets: EC-EARTH simulations. Global and Planetary Change, 137:88–106, doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2015.12.012

Martins JPA, Cardoso RM, Soares PMM, Trigo I, Belo-Pereira M, Moreira N, Tomé R (2016) The summer diurnal cycle of coastal cloudiness over west Iberia using Meteosat/SEVIRI and a WRF regional climate model simulation. nt. J. Climatol. 36: 1755–1772,

Cardoso RM, Soares PMM, Lima DCA, Semedo A (2016) The impact of climate change on the Iberian low-level wind jet: EURO-CORDEX regional climate simulation. Tellus A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 68:1, 29005,

Campaniço H, Soares PMM, Hollmuller P, Cardoso RM (2016) Climatic cooling potential and building cooling demand savings: High resolution spatiotemporal analysis of direct ventilation and evaporative cooling for the Iberian Peninsula. Renewable Energy, 85:766-776,

Renata M.S. Pinto, Akli Benali, Ana C. L. Sá, Paulo M. Fernandes, Pedro M. M. Soares, Rita M. Cardoso, Ricardo M. Trigo, José M. C. Pereira (2016) Probabilistic fire spread forecast as a management tool in an operational setting. SpringerPlus 5:1205 doi: 10.1186/s40064-016-2842-9

Kurz-Besson C., Lousada J. L., Gaspar M. J., Correia I., Soares P. M. M., Cardoso R. M., Russo A., Varino F., Mériaux C., Trigo R.M. and Gouveia C. M. (2016) Effects of Recent Minimum Temperature and Water Deficit Increases on Pinus pinaster Radial Growth and Wood Density in Southern Portugal (special issue "Tree responses to extreme events"). Front Plant Sci. 2016; 7: 1170. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2016.01170.


Almeida M, Rodrigues AC, Coelho PS, Diogo PA, Maurício R, Cardoso RM, Soares PMM (2015) Thermal stratification of Portuguese reservoirs: potential impact of extreme climate scenarios.. Journal of Water and Climate Change, 6(3):544-560, doi:10.2166/wcc.2015.071.

Yano J–I, Geleyn J-F, Köller M, Mironov D, Quaas J, Soares PMM, Phillips VTJ, Plant RS, Deluca A, Marquet P, Stulic L, Fuchs Z (2015) Basic Concepts for Convection Parameterization in Weather Forecast and Climate Models: COST Action ES0905 Final Report. Atmosphere, 6:88-147, doi:10.3390/atmos6010088.

Katragkou E, García-Díez M, Vautard R, Sobolowski S, Zanis P, Alexandri G, Cardoso RM, Colette A, Fernandez J, Gobiet A, Goergen K, Karacostas T, Knist S, Mayer S, Soares PMM, Pytharoulis I, Tegoulias I, Tsikerdekis A, Jacob D (2015) Regional climate hindcast simulations within EURO-CORDEX: evaluation of a WRF multi-physics ensemble. Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 603-618,

Yano J-I, Soares PMM, Köhler M, Deluca A (2015) The Convective Parameterization Problem. Bull. Amer. Meteo. Soc.,

Teles-Machado A, Peliz A, McWilliams JC, Cardoso RM, Soares PMM, Miranda PMA (2015) On the year-to-year changes of the Iberian Poleward Current. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 120(7):4980–4999,

Soares PMM, Cardoso RM, Ferreira JJ, Miranda PMA (2015) Climate change and the Portuguese precipitation: ENSEMBLES regional climate models results. Climate Dynamics, 45-7, 1771-1787,


Boutov D, Peliz A, Miranda PMA, Soares PMM, Cardoso RM, Prieto L, Ruiz J, Garcia-Lafuente J (2014) Inter-annual variability and long term predictability of exchanges through the Strait of Gibraltar. Global and Planetary Change, 114:23–37, doi: 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2013.12.009

Soares PMM, Cardoso RM, Semedo A, Chinita MJ, Ranjha R (2014) Climatology of the Iberia coastal low-level wind jet: weather research forecasting model high-resolution results. Tellus A, 66, 22377,

Fraga H, Malheiro AC, Moutinho-Pereira J, Cardoso RM, Soares PMM, Cancela JJ, Pinto JG, Santos JA (2014) Integrated Analysis of Climate, Soil, Topography and Vegetative Growth in Iberian Viticultural Regions. PLOS ONE 9:e108078, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0108078

Magarreiro C, Brito MC, Soares PMM (2014) Assessment of diffuse radiation models for cloudy atmospheric conditions in the Azores region. Solar Energy, 108:538–547,

Alexandre Rios-Entenza, Pedro M. M. Soares, Ricardo M. Trigo, Rita M. Cardoso, Gonzalo Miguez-Macho (2014) Moisture recycling in the Iberian Peninsula from a regional climate simulation: Spatiotemporal analysis and impact on the precipitation regime. Journal of Geophysical Research. doi: 10.1002/2013JD021274


Peliz A, Boutov D, Cardoso RM, Delgado J, Soares PMM (2013) The Gulf of Cadiz-Alboran Sea sub-basin: Model setup, exchange and seasonal variability. Ocean Modelling, vol. 61, 49–67, doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2011.03.031.

Cardoso RM, Soares PMM, Miranda PMA, Belo-Pereira M (2013) WRF high resolution simulation of Iberian mean and extreme precipitation climate. International Journal of Climatology, Vol. 33, 11, 2591–2608, DOI: 10.1002/joc.3616.


Soares PMM, Cardoso RM, Miranda PMA, de Medeiros J, Belo-Pereira M, Espírito-Santo F (2012) WRF high resolution dynamical downscaling of ERA-Interim for Portugal. Climate Dynamics, 39:2497–2522, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-012-1315-2

Soares PMM, Cardoso RM, Miranda PMA, Viterbo P, Belo-Pereira M (2012) Assessment of the ENSEMBLES regional climate models in the representation of precipitation variability and extremes over Portugal. J. Geophys. Res., 117, D07114, doi:10.1029/2011JD016768


Moreira D, Soares PMM, Goulart AG, Vilhena MT (2011) On the new parameterization of the eddy diffusivity for radioactive pollutant dispersion. International Journal of Nuclear Energy Science and Tecnology, 6(2):166-176, DOI: 10.1504/IJNEST.2011.041650

Goulart A, Bodmann BEJ, Vilhena MT, Soares PMM, Moreira DM (2011) ) On the time evolution of the turbulent kinetic energy spectrum for decaying turbulence in the convective boundary layer. Boundary Layer Meteorology, 138:61–75, DOI: 10.1007/s10546-010-9546-4

Kipper CJ, Goulart A, Degrazia G, Vilhena MT, Soares PMM (2011) Theoretical study of the decaying convective turbulence in a shear-buoyancy PBL. Physica A, 390:3320–3328 doi:10.1016/j.physa.2011.04.019

Teixeira J, Cardoso S, Bonazzola M, Cole J, DelGenio A, DeMott C, Franklin C, Hannay C, Jakob C, Jiao Y, Karlsson J, Kitagawa H, Köhler M, Kuwano-Yoshida A, LeDrian C, Li J, Lock A, Miller MJ, Marquet P, Martins JMA, Mechoso CR, van Meijgaard E, Meinke I, Miranda PMA, Mironov D, Neggers R, Pan HL, Randall DA, Rasch PJ, Rockel B, Rossow WB, Ritter B, Siebesma AP, Soares PMM, Turk FJ, Vaillancourt PA, Von Engeln A, Zhao M (2011) Tropical and Subtropical Cloud Transitions in Weather and Climate Prediction Models: The GCSS/WGNE Pacific Cross-Section Intercomparison (GPCI). Journal of Climate, 24:5223-5256, doi:10.1175/2011JCLI3672.1


Martins JPA, Teixeira J, Soares PMM, Miranda PMA, Kahn BH, Dang V, Irion B, Fetzer EJ, Fishbein E (2010) Infrared sounding of the trade-wind boundary layer: AIRS and the RICO experiment. Geophysical Research Letters, 37:L24806, doi:10.1029/2010GL045902


Teixeira J, Stevens B, Bretherton CS, Cederwall R, Doyle JD, Golaz JC, Holtslag A, Klein SA, Lundquist JK, Randall DA, Siebesma AP, Soares PMM (2008) Parameterization of the Atmospheric Boundary Layer: A View from Just Above the Inversion. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 89:453-458, DOI:10.1175/BAMS-89-4-453

Kaabouben, F, Brahim A, Toto E, Baptista MA, Miranda JM, Soares PMM, Luis JF (2008) On the focal mechanism of the 26.05.1975 North Atlantic event contribution from tsunami modeling. Journal of Seismology, 12:575–583, DOI 10.1007/s10950-008-9110-6


Siebesma AP, Soares PMM, Teixeira J (2007) A Combined Eddy-Diffusivity Mass-Flux Approach for the Convective Boundary Layer. Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 64:1230-1248

Soares PMM, PMA Miranda, J Teixeira, AP Siebesma (2007) An Eddy-diffusivity/Mass-flux Boundary Layer Parameterization Based on the TKE Equation: a Dry Convection Case Study. Special issue of Fisica de la Tierra on “Experimental and modelling micrometeorology”, 17:147-1611


Baptista MA, Soares PMM, Miranda JM, Luis JF (2006) Tsunami Propagation Along Tagus Estuary (Lisbon, Portugal) Preliminary Results. Science of Tsunami Hazards, 24:329-338

2002 - 2004

Soares PMM, Miranda PMA, Siebesma AP, Teixeira J (2004) An Eddy-diffusivity/Mass-flux parameterisation for dry and shallow cumulus convection.. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 130:3365-3384.

Derbyshire SH, Bechtold P, Grandpeix J-Y, Piriou JM, Redelsperger J-L, Soares PMM (2004) Sensitivity of moist convection to environmental humidity. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society,

Lenderink G, Siebesma AP, Cheinet S, Irons S, Jones C, Marquet P, Muller F, Olmeda D, Sanchez E, PMM Soares (2004) The diurnal cycle of shallow cumulus clouds over land: A single-column model intercomparison study. . Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society,